List of 12 National Parks of Nepal

  • Feb 23, 2021

Nepal is truly extraordinary in its natural beauty. Many natural spots include a rugged Himalayan mountain range, lush jungles, incredible wildlife, and flora and fauna. Nepalese landscape has remained largely untouched by a human after a big effort to conserve nature in the last many years.

There is nowhere in the world that you can have the land of the highest on earth (mountain Everest 8848.86 meters) to the lowland about 60 meters. It is said that all the climates are found in the world are also found in Nepal. Nepal has a lot of effort to conserve nature and its habitat by declaring National parks.

Nepal has 12 National parks, and all of them are naturally beautiful. These 12 national parks are located from the Himalayas to the plain Terai of Nepal. These national parks are to preserve nature. However, these have become popular tourist destinations, and thousands of people visit these national parks every year. Find the name and brief information of these 12 nationals parks of Nepal.

Table of Contents

Makalu Barun National Park

Makalu Barun National Park initially was a conservation Area established in 1992 AD. Now, it has become a National park. Makalu-Barun National Park covers about 1500 sq and is located in the eastern part of Nepal. The skyline of the park is a panorama of rugged Himalayan peaks include Mt. Makalu (8,463m,) which fifth highest mountain in the world.

Map of Makalu Barun National Park

Makalu Barun National Park is administered by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation of Nepal.

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1979 AD and it is the first national park of Nepal. Sagarmatha National Park is listed as the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site of Nepal.

Mountain birds in Sagarmatha National Park

The Sagarmatha region is highly dominated by the world's highest mountains that include Mt. Everest (8,848 m). So, we can say that the Sagarmatha National park is the highest National park in the world. Sagarmatha National Park is located in the eastern region of Nepal, province number 01 and it is spread in the area around 1,148 square kilometers, which ranges from 2,845 meters to 8,848 meters above sea level.

The Sagarmatha National Park touches the border with Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet, China on the north side and the park extends up to the Dudh Koshi River in the south and touches Makalu Barun National Park in the east.

The Sagarmatha national park is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal. Many adventure seekers climb Everest every year, and thousands of trekkers to do Everest Base Camp Trek every year. Furthermore, the Cho La pass, Renjo La pass, and short Everest Panorama Trek are the most popular trekking routes in Sagarmatha national park.

Langtang National Park

Langtang National Park stands out to be one of the unspoiled national parks of Nepal. Langtang attracts both religious devotees and adventure seekers. This park has so much to offer that include breathtaking Himalayan views to rich culture and biodiversity.

Gosaikunda Lake in Langtang National Park

The Langtang National Park is one of the first Himalayan national parks in Nepal, and it was established in 1976 AD. Langtang spreads in Nuwakot, Rusuwa, and Sindhupalchowk district of Nepal and covers an area of around 1710 square kilometers.

Langtang National Park is part of sacred Himalayan landscapes with lavishing greenery, Amazing biodiversity, and magnificent mountain ranges that include Dorje Lakpa & the summit of Langtang Lirung. The high altitude lake Gosaikunda is also in Langtang National park. It is located at the height of 4,300 meters above sea level and it is considered to be one of the most important religious spots for Hindus.

Langtang National is another popular tourist destination in Nepal, and thousands of people visit this park every year. The Langtang Valley Trek, Tamang Heritage Trails, Langtang Trek with Gosaikunda Lake, and Helambu Valley Trekking are the most popular trekking route in Langtang National Park.

Shivapuri National Park

Shivapuri National Park is the youngest, and smallest national park in Nepal. It is also the nearest national park to Kathmandu. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Only a few kilometers away from the center of the city lies a place peppered with natural resources, ‘Shivapuri National Park’.

Hiking in Shivapuri National Park

Shivapuri National Park is located to the North of the Kathmandu valley. The Shivapuri National Park provides a temporary escape to the inhabitants of Kathmandu. The sprawls of Langtang Himalayan Range can be seen after a short hike to the top of the National Park. Shivapuri National Park is popular for day escape and day hikes. Further, you can do a few day hikes on Chisapani Nagarkot Trail in Shivapuri National park.

Parsa National Park

Parsa National Park is located in the south-central lowland Terai of Nepal and covers an area of 637.37 sq. km. The area served as a vacation site for the Rana Rulers of the country in the history of Nepal. Parsa has been established in 1984 AD as a wildlife reserve to preserve the habitat for wild Asian elephants and a variety of other fauna.

Map of Parsa National Park

Parsa National Park adjoins Chitwan National Park in the west, and the area has established as a National park in 2017 AD. This park becoming more popular for wildlife safari these days.

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park is known as a paradise for nature lovers, and it is renowned for being rich in biodiversity. Chitwan National Park has some dense and grassy plains and home to various rare animals. Chitwan is the first national park in Nepal that was established in 1973 AD and listed as a natural world heritage site in 1984 AD. Chitwan National Park covers a total area of nearly 952.63 square kilometers.

Gharial crocodiles in Chitwan National Park

Chitwan national park is located in between of Terai and Hilly region of Nepal and ranges from 110 to 850 meters above sea level. The Chitwan National Park is bordered by Parsa Wildlife Reserve in the east and India in the south. This park is home to numerous wildlife that include one-horned rhinoceros, gharial crocodiles, and royal Bengal tiger along with birds like giant hornbill. Thousands of domestic and international people visit Chitwan National and do Chitwan Jungle Safari Tour every year.

Banke National Park

Banke National Park is one of the newest national parks of Nepal and it lies in the mid-western part of Nepal. The Banke National Park is established in 2010 AD. The Park covers nearly 550 sq km and extends towards the parts of Banke Salyan and Dang districts.

Banke National Park

The Banke National Park is surrounded by the Rapti River on the south and the Babai River on the north, and this area represents the tiger conservation unit. This park is linked with the Bardia national park as well.

Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park is the largest national park in the Terai region of Nepal. Barida is a perfect example of demonstrating; how to take care and respect all the aspects of Mother Nature. The beauty of this park is that animals walk freely being unhindered by the nearest human civilization.

Wildlife in Bardia National Park

Wildlife can walk through the entire park without getting a single trace of a human in Bardia national park. Bardia National Park is a protected area established in 1988 AD as “Royal Bardia National Park”, which covers nearly 968 square kilometers and adjoins the eastern bank of the Karnali River. The northern limit of this park is divided by the crest of the Shivalik Hills, and the southern boundary is formed by the Nepalgunj to Surkhet highway. The Barida National park is another popular place for Jungle Safari, and thousands of people visit this park every year.

Rara National Park

The Rara National Park has a history that dates back to 1976 AD when it was established. This paradise resides in the far northwestern part of Nepal and covers an area of about 106 km2.

Natural view in Rara National Park

The major attraction of Rara National park is the pristine Rara Lake that serves as a device that is used to reflect on the many sins of people. The Rara ranges in elevation from 2800 meters to 4039 meters. The Rara National Park is very popular among domestic and international travelers.

Shey Phoksundo National Park

The Shey Phoksundo National Park is the abode of the mighty Shey Phoksundo Lake, Which is the deepest lake in Nepal. The lake is about 650 meters deep and spans an area of 4.8 km long & 1.8 km wide. Shey Phoksundo National Park home to a wide array of flora and fauna and it spans over the rural lands of Dolpa and Mugu districts of Nepal.

Trekking in Shey Phoksundo National Park

She Shey Phoksundo ranges from 2130 meters to 6885 meters above sea level. A trip to the Phoksundo National Park is not just mere trekking, it is rather a lifelong journey that ranges from the modern-day utopia to the primitive lands of ancient Buddhism.

Khaptad National Park

Khaptad National Park is another national park of Nepal. Khaptad National Park lies in the far western region of Nepal. This park was established in 1984 AD and ranges from 1,400 m to 3,600 meters above sea level. Khaptad National Park covers the area of 225 square kilometers that includes four districts Bajhang, Bajura, Acham, and Doti.

Khaptad National Park Map

Khaptad National Park is known for its fantastic scenic beauty and cultural history. It is believed to be established after the advice of the holy man, Khaptad Baba. There is a renowned Khaptad Baba ashram, which is a famous religious site. Khaptad baba is one of the most renowned and most worshipped saints in Nepal.

Shukla Phanta National Park

Shukla Phanta National Park was managed as a hunting reserve at the beginning of in1969 AD and has been declared as a Wildlife Reserve in 1976 AD and as National Park currently (2017). The park covers an area of 305 sq. km.

 Shukla Phanta National Park Map

The Sukla Phanta National park is located in the extreme south-western part of Nepal's Terai in Kanchanpur District. The National Park shares a common boundary with the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in the south and west and is bordered on the eastern side by the Chaudhar River and by a forest belt and cultivations in the north.


I wish that the above information is useful to know about the national parks in Nepal. All these national parks of Nepal are major tourist destinations, and let us know if you want to travel to these national parks.



Hello, Hi & Namaste from the Himalayas!

I am Arjun Rijal, Founder director of Escape Nepal Holidays P. Ltd & working as a travel planner/consultant for Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet Travel & I love hiking, trekking, and traveling.

I have been in most of the trekking regions in Nepal, that include Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base campAnnapurna Circuit, Manaslu, and Langtang. I also have traveled to Bhutan & India & planning further travel to many other countries in the world.

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