10 UNESCO world heritages sites in Nepal

  • Feb 7, 2021

There are 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal, and two of them are natural world heritage, and the rest are cultural world heritage sites. Seven cultural world heritage sites are located in Kathmandu, and one of them is outside of Kathmandu Valley, which is Lumbini.

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has classified the Kathmandu Valley and Lumbini as the cultural heritage sites, Sagarmatha National Park and Chitwan National Park as the natural world heritage sites.

All these 10 UNESCO world heritage sites are the major tourist attractions in Nepal, and thousands of people visit these sites every year. Find the brief information about all these ten world heritage sites of Nepal.

Table of Contents

Kathmandu Durbar Square: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

Kathmandu Durbar Squire is one of the cultural heritage sites located in Kathmandu Valley. The Kathmandu Durbar Square is the core of old Kathmandu city in Basantapur, which never fails to inspire first-time guests with its complicated wood carvings and rich history. So, most of the travelers who travel to Nepal also do not miss visiting Kathmandu Durbar Squire.

Kathmandu Durbar Squire

Kathmandu Durbar Squire was the residence of Nepal's Royal family, and all crowning ceremonies were held here. The royal residence is an amalgamation of eastern and western design. There are many palaces, temples, and shrines in Kathmandu Durbar Squire, and most importantly, the Kumari Ghar “home of living Goddess Kumari” is also here. We at Escape Nepal have included a Kathmandu day tour program on most of trek package that also includes visiting of Kathmandu Durbar Squire.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu Valley

The Bhaktapur Durbar Squire is another ancient royal palaces of Nepal and one of the cultural UNESCO world heritage sites in Kathmandu valley. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a piece of the ancient Newari city of Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon or Khwopa - Newar ख्वप लायकू), and best known for its attractions.

Bhaktapur Durbar Squire

The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the four fundamental attractions inside the old city known as "Bhaktapur". The Durbar Square procured the majority of its wonderful structures and conspicuousness as an extraordinary city in The Kathmandu Valley when it gathered the epithet "City of lovers".

The Bhaktapur Durbar Squire has become one of the tourist attractions in Kathmandu these days, and many tourists do not miss visiting it. You can find the Day tour of Bhaktapur Durbar Squire on the Escape Nepal website.

Changu Narayan Temple: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

Changu Narayan temple is another UNESCO cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu Valley. Changu Narayan temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, which is well known as the preserver divine force of creation to Hindus. The Changu Narayan Temple lies in the town of Changu in Bhaktapur. Changu Narayan temple is considered to be one of the oldest temples with a history that dates back nearly 3000 years. It was built in the 4th century under Lichhavi dynasty by King Mandev.

Chagunarayan Temple

The Changu Narayan Temple is a place that holds a strong religious and historical impact on the country. Changunarayan Temple is made in pagoda style with a double storied building. There are four doors in the temple, which are guarded by the sculptures of lions, and the temple is decorated with carvings.

Many Travelers make their visit to Changu Narayan temple, and you can find the tour of Changu Narayan temple with Nagarkot Sunrise.

Boudhanath Stupa: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

The Boudhanath Stupa is another cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu Valley. You can take an early morning or evening walk around the rousing white dome humming with vitality and watch the devout passerby.

Boudhanath Stupa

Boudhanath Stupa has situated 8 km toward the east of downtown Kathmandu, and it is a standout amongst the most imposing milestones in Kathmandu. Moreover, the 36-meter-high stupa of Boudhanath is one of the biggest stupas in South Asia. With innumerable religious communities encompassing it, Boudhanath is the focal point of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal.

Boudhanath Stupa is built in the state of a mandala intended to reproduce the Yangtse of Tibet, the stupa was revamped by Lichchavi rulers in the eighth century. The area of the stupa is intriguing as it once lay on the ancient trade route to Tibet and it was here and that Tibetan shippers rested and offered prayers for quite a long time. Boudhanath Stupa is one of the places that you should not miss on our Nepal tour, and you can find Glimpse of Nepal Tour that includes a visit to it.

Pashupatinath Temple: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

Pashupatinath Temple is another cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu Valley. The Pashupatinath Temple is one of the most sacred Hindu temples in Nepal devoted to Lord Shiva. Pashupatinath Temple is built in the fifth century and later renovated by Malla Kings. Moreover, the landmark is said to have existed from the earliest starting point of the thousand years when a Shiva lingam was found here.

Pashupatinath Temple

Thousands of people visit the Pasupatinath temple every year to pay homage and just to look and to observe its structure. You can also experience this exceptionally suggested religious center for a blend of religious, social, and spiritual experience. Pasupatinath temple is located 3 km northwest of Kathmandu on the banks of the Bagmati River. The Pashupatinath temple is the major attraction for the tourist in Nepal, and we have included a visit to the temple on the Kathmandu Transit Tour.

Patan Durbar Square: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

Patan Durbar Squire another cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu Valley. The Patan is one of the three towns of Kathmandu. The town is considered the oldest among all the three towns. This place is known for its unique artistic heritage. Moreover, Patan is probably the oldest Buddhist city in the world. The town is located on a level crosswise over Bagmati River. Patan is also popularly known as Lalitpur. The city is encompassed by 4 stupas as 4 corners of Patan.

Patan Durbar Squire

Patan Durbar square is also a widely known place, and this square is brimming with antiquated spots, sanctuaries, and shrines noted for their perfect carvings. We have a Spirit of Nepal Tour that include visit to Patan Durbar Squire.

Swayambhunath Stupa: A Cultural Heritage Site in Kathmandu

Swayambhunath Stupa is another cultural UNESCO heritage site in Kathmandu, and it is known as the Monkey temple as well. Swayambhunath Stupa is one of the world's most great Buddhist Chaityas, which is said to be 2000 years of age. Painted on the four sides of the spire bases are the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha.

Swayambhunath Stupa

Swayambhunath Stupa is located 3 km west of Kathmandu city and situated on a lovely little hill rock, Swayambhunath Stupa was built around 250 B.C. For the most part, a heavenly commemoration site represents typical Buddhist engineering. The white dome is related to an unblemished pure gem of Nirvana, and a thirteen layered golden spire fit as a fiddle surmounted on the arch. Underneath this transcending structure is a couple of all-powerful eyes of Buddha painted on each of the four sides of the Stupa. The Visit of Swayambhunath Stupa is included on the Taste of Nepal Tour.

Lumbini: A Cultural Heritage site Outside Kathmandu

Lumbini is a UNESCO cultural heritage site outside Kathmandu and one of the world's major religious, architectural, and historical sites.


The Lumbini is a big area with monuments, temples, and ancients sites that is UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main attraction of Lumbini is the Mayadevi temple, which is built on the exact place where Buddha was born.

Some of the important landmarks and monuments in Lumbini are Ashoka's Pillar erected by Emperor Ashoka (249 BC) on the spot of Buddha's birth, which also has the oldest inscription in Nepal. There are many other Buddhist Temples founded by devotees from different countries like Tibetan, Chinese, Japanese and Burmese, Korean, etc. There is a Short Lumbini Tour to visit Lumbini.

Sagarmatha National Park: A Natural Heritage Site Outside Kathmandu

Sagarmatha National Park is a UNESCO world natural heritage site in Nepal and it is established in 1979 AD. The Sagarmatha National Park is the first national park of Nepal that has been named as the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. The Sagarmatha region is highly dominated by the world's highest mountains include Mt. Everest (8,848 m).

Sagarmatha National Park

The Sagarmatha National park is the highest National park in the world. Sagarmatha National park is located in the eastern region of Nepal, and Sagarmatha National Park is spread in the area around 1,148 square kilometers and ranges from 2,845 meters to 8,848 meters above sea level. Likewise, Sagarmatha National Park touches border with Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet, China in the north and extends up to Dudh Koshi River in the south and touches Makalu Barun National Park in the east.

Sagarmatha National park is one of the most popular travel destinations in Nepal as hundreds of people travel to Nepal to climb every year. Furthermore, thousands of people dream to trek to Everest Base Camp.

Chitwan National Park: A Natural Heritage Site Outside Kathmandu

Chitwan National Park is another UNESCO natural world heritage sites in Nepal. The Chitwan National Park is also known as a paradise for nature lovers, and a utopia for those who love watching the animal.

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park has some dense and grassy plains, which is home to various rare animals. This national park is the first national park in Nepal established in 1973 AD and made its place in the world heritage site in 1984 AD. Chitwan National Park covers a total area of nearly 952.63 square kilometers, which covers the total area of Nawalpur, Parsa, Chitwan, and Makwanpur.

Chitwan is located in between the Terai and Hilly region of Nepal and ranges from 110 to 850 meters above sea level. The park is the best place for Jungle Safari, and thousands of travelers visit the park every year.



Hello, Hi & Namaste from the Himalayas!

I am Arjun Rijal, Founder director of Escape Nepal Holidays P. Ltd & working as a travel planner/consultant for Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet Travel & I love hiking, trekking, and traveling.

I have been in most of the trekking regions in Nepal, that include Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Base campAnnapurna Circuit, Manaslu, and Langtang. I also have traveled to Bhutan & India & planning further travel to many other countries in the world.

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